Madhya Pradesh State's capital Bhopal is famous for its lakes. In Bhopal, several artificial and natural lakes have been found. And it is also famous for its greenery.
The metropolitan area of Bhopal is 837.24 sq. km. The literacy rate of Bhopal was around 81% in 2011. Also, it attracts people because of Heritage structures and ancient monuments.
When Madhya Pradesh state was formed, Bhopal was a part of the Sehore district. For an extended period, various nawabs and begums ruled over Bhopal. Some of them are- Nawab Dost Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1723-1728); Nawab Sultan Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1728-1742); Nawab Faiz Muhammed Khan Bahadur from (1742-1777).
Nawab Hayat Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1777-1807), Nawab Ghaus Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1807-1826), Nawab Muiz Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1826-1837). Nawab Jahangir Muhammed Khan Bahadur ruled from (1837-1844), and the last Nawab was Al-Haj-Nawab Sir Hafiz Muhammad Hamidullah Khan Bahadur (1926-1947).
Between the 19th and 20th centuries, several Begam also ruled over Bhopal, like Qudsia Begum's rule period (1819-1837). Nawab Sikandar Begum (1860-1868), Begum Sultan Shah Jehan; she retook The throne of Bhopal two times (1844-1860 and 1868-1901), Begum kaikhusraup Jahan ruled period (1901-1926) and Begum Sajida Sultan (1961-1995).
Bhopal is full of different cultures. Apart from traditional celebrations, it has different carnivals like Lokrang, Bharat Bhavan Samar festival, Ijitma, Lokrang, National drama festival, and several others. In Bharat Bhavan, different types of cultural activities take place. Bhopalians speak Hindi, Urdu, and English; some speak their local dialects.
Bhopal has a humid subtropical climate with cool summer, dry winter, and a moist monsoon season. Summer begins in late March and ends in mid-June with an average temperature of around 30°c, reaching the highest point of Summer in May when maximum temperatures are consistently 40°c.
The monsoon season commences in June and goes until September. The average temperature is approx 25°C, and the moisture is relatively high.
The temperature rises again by the end of October when winter starts and ends until the 1st-2nd week of March. Winter in Bhopal is chilly, with an average temperature of approx 15°C. Till now, the lowest temperature which was recorded in Bhopal was 0.3°C.
Besides the lakes and greenery, Bhopal city is famous for its food. Kababs, keema, Indian chaat, chicken biryani, Gosht biryani, Paan, Falooda, Sulfi, Buttermilk, Daal Bafla, and more are the hallmarks of Bhopal's Culinary culture.
Each place on the earth has different geographical importance, which determines its relationship with the regions around it. The geographical coordinates of Bhopal are East longitude 77°36' and North Latitude 23°16'.
Bhopal is situated in the North Western section of the state, and two beautiful lakes border it. Bhopal is divided into two sections- new and old city. New Bhopal lies in the southern part of the city, and old Bhopal lies in the Northern division of the city.
Bhopal attracts many people with its beautiful lakes, monuments, etc. Such as Lower Lake, Jama Masjid, Sair Sapata, Gohar Mahal, Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Manav Sangrhalay, Bharat Bhavan, Upper Lake, Taj UI Masjid, Lakshmi Narayan temple, Birla Museum, Van Vihar National Park, Moti Masjid, Gufa Mandir etc.