Patna is the capital of Bihar State. As of 2018, the population of Patna is around 2.34 million. It is the 19th biggest City in India, and it covers around 250 square kilometres.
Patna city is a holy place for Sikhs because Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna. Not only Sikhs for Hindu religion people also attach to the cities because Patna is situated on the southern Bank of the Ganga river.
Patna is also spread across the river Punpun, Son, and Gandak. The visiting place in Patna attracts people towards itself.
After Chandragupta Maurya made it his capital in the 4th century, the city lost its importance until Sher Khan Suri came to power in the early 16th century. Century AD, Ajatashatru was the founder of Pataliputra.
On the outskirts of Patna and on a day trip, there are Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain pilgrimage sites of Rajgir, Bodh Gaya, Vaishali, Nalanda, etc.
Patna has moist subtropical weather under the Koppen weather category: (Cwa), with a scorching summer from the last week of March to June, a monsoon season from late June to late September, and freezing evenings and cloudy or Sunshiny November to early March.
Some such places in Patna are very popular among the people. Some of them are the Shri Krishna science centre, Patna planetarium, Japanese Peace Pagoda, Bihar museum, Gandhi Ghat,Patna Devi Mandir, Ajanta, etc.
Patna has long been a major centre of agriculture and a centre of trade. Its most active tradings are medium grain Patna rice, Grains, Sesame, Sugarcane, etc. It is the major business and luxury brand hub of eastern India.
The economic growth of Patna has been steady since 2005. Growth in the fast-moving consumer materials industry and the Green Revolution have fueled the economy. As of 2015, the GDP growth rate of Patna is around 7.30%. Because of the steady growth of Patna, it has become the 21st Quickest developing City in the world.
Patna is one of the oldest inhabited places in the world and has a rich cultural history. Patna emerged as a major City for the fine arts in India, especially during the era of Maurya. Patna has seen the rule of various dynasties like Maurya, pala, Gupta, Nanda, Shunga, etc. All these have left their influences on the Legacy of Patna.
The culture and tradition of Patna are very antique, as it is built on ancient custom that has evolved over the years. The major celebrations in Patna are The kite festival, Chhatth Puja, Sonepur Mela, and Pitrapaksha Mela.
Folk songs and dances like the Chhau dance are very popular in the tribal communities. Bihar state people usually speak the Hindi language. Also, English is spoken a lot. Other dialects widely spoken in Patna from other regions of Bihar are Hindi, Bhojpuri, and Maithili.