The second-largest city in Maharashtra, India, is Pune. Pune, once named Poona under British rule, is also well-known as the Cultural Center of Maharashtra, Queen of the Deccan, and Oxford of the East. It lies tucked away in the Sahyadri Hills, close to India's west coast, at a height of 560 metres above the sea surface on the Deccan Plateau.
Due to the abundance of cultural events, including song, dancing, literature, drama, crafts, athletics, and more, Pune has become the cultural centre of Maharashtra. Pune, India's ninth-largest metropolitan, is one of the unusual twin-image cities where custom and modernity coexist.
Despite the tremendous growth of industries, socio-entertainment centers, and academic facilities, Punekars or Puneites, as the city's citizens are famous for, have still been able to keep the rich Maharashtrian culture. Pune is a multicultural and multi-ethnic urban area because of this.
Pune has become a popular location for academia, telecommunications, and car companies over the years. Pune has become a global economic powerhouse. Because of the establishment of numerous eminent industrial houses and institutions there. The number of business complexes, multiplexes, shopping malls, restaurants, and bars have increased infinitely, which has also contributed to the city's modern appearance and atmosphere.
Pune's roots may also be traced to the eighth century, when copper plates from 858 and 868 A.D. were discovered. These plates show that Pune was formerly known as Punnaka and was governed by the Rashtrakootas at the same time. It was Punya Vishaya, which means a holy zone, and was predominantly an agricultural town.
Pune later developed into one of Chhatrapati Shivaji's bases of operations throughout the 17th century. It served as the Peshwas' administrative centre as well. In Pune, the Peshwas rose to prominence as a political force during the Maratha era. The Peshwas were well-known art benefactors. Temples, parks, and academic facilities all blossomed in the city during their rule.
In 1817, Pune joined British India, and the Bombay Presidency's Monsoon Capital was Pune. As a result, the city is famous for its "bungalow architecture" from the British Raj.
Pune is another popular tourist destination in Maharashtra that attracts visitors from all over the nation and the globe. The city is home to a number of well-known tourist destinations, including historical sites, museums, temples, and hill resorts. Additionally, several regional and international cultural events draw the largest crowds to Pune.
Pune's pleasant climate and year-round greenery contribute to the city's understated appeal, making it an attractive destination for locals to live and earning it the moniker "Pensioners' Paradise." Pune district's geography encompasses both its physical features and climate.
Due to Pune's location in a tropical area, there is a large seasonal temperature fluctuation. Pune's western portion is cool, whereas its eastern region is warm and arid. Shirur, Daund, Indapur, and Baramati are located in the eastern region, whereas Junnar, Ambegaon, Khed, Velha, Mulshi, and Maval are located in the western region.
Pune experiences the summer, monsoon, and winter seasons. The hottest months, April and May, see temperatures soar to 36 degrees Celsius or higher. The colder months, December and January, can have average temperatures as low as 11 degrees Celsius.
June marks the start of the monsoon, which lasts until October. When planning a journey in the monsoon season, keep in mind that water blocking in Pune is a typical occurrence.
Marathi is the most widely spoken language in Pune and is spoken by the majority of the population. Actually, Maharashtra's official language is Marathi. In addition to Marathi, Hindi is another language that is spoken widely in Pune. Pune is a prime example of the Marathi culture and ethos, which places a strong emphasis on theatre, arts, and education.